Glossary

Terms beginning with G

Good Friday

1)     The day that Jesus was put to death on the cross is known as ‘Good Friday’ in the western church and ‘Great Friday’ in the eastern church. It is a day when Christians remember what Christ achieved on the cross and it is often marked by a variety of church services many of them taking place at three in the afternoon, the time the gospels tell us that Jesus was crucified.

Gospel(s)

1)     The ‘Gospel’ is the ‘good news’ about Jesus Christ as proclaimed in his life and teachings. The term ‘the Gospels’ refers to the first four books of the New Testament which describe how Jesus proclaimed the good news of God’s love to the world. The first three; Matthew, Mark and Luke are similar in shape and structure and are therefore termed ‘synoptic’ i.e. ‘look alike’. The fourth, known as John, is different in style and content containing a large body of discourse material. All the gospels tell of the Galilean ministry of Jesus and his journey(s) to Jerusalem. They detail the events of his trial and execution and all describe the Resurrection. Each gospel has its own interpretation and emphasis.

Gothic (style)

1)     Gothic architecture describes the style which superseded the Romanesque or Norman. Instead of rounded arches builders developed the pointed arch which enabled them to build bigger and taller buildings which let in more light.

Grace

1)     Grace is essentially a gift of God given freely and unmerited to those who have faith in him. It is particularly contrasted with the idea that people can curry favour by their good deeds. The only requirement for Grace is a trust in God’s goodness and willingness to shower it on those who ask for it in faith. The response is one of gratitude leading to love of God and of neighbour.

Grotesque(s)

1)     This term usually means the imaginative carvings or paintings of gothic workmen. They are often represented as beasts or humans with odd distortions and appear in leafy settings on pew ends, under misericord seating or carved on stone gargoyles or capitals.

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Amendments

If you have any amendments to make or suggestions for other terms or words that you think it would be useful for us to explain, please get in touch with the Glossarist.

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All definitions © copyright EasternCathedrals 2004-2017+.
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Credits

The original core of this glossary was commissioned from Canon Phillip McFadyen of St George's Colegate, in Norwich.